CAMINO — Carbon Monoxide, aka CO, is widely known as the “Senseless Killer” because you can’t see it, taste it, or smell it.
“Annually, over 400 people die and another 20,000 are hospitalized due to CO poisoning. So what exactly is carbon monoxide? CO is the result of combustion (burning) of a fuel such as wood burning fireplaces, gas furnace, gas water heaters, gas stoves and ovens, portable generators, barbecue grills, even your running car or truck” said Cal Fire Unit Chief Mike Kaslin, Amador-El Dorado Unit. “The fumes from the combustion contain CO gas and when a person breaths this gas in, they are subject to CO poisoning.
“If you are exposed to high levels of CO, you may feel flu-like symptoms such as a headache, nausea, shortness of breath, dizziness or light headedness because the CO replaces the oxygen in the red blood cells, which in turn does not allow oxygen to reach vital organs,” Kaslin added. “A person’s red blood cells actually bond with CO easier than it bonds with oxygen. High levels of CO can kill a person in minutes and it is the number one cause of unintentional death by poison in the U.S. If you suspect CO poisoning, get the person or persons to fresh air immediately, then call 911. In some cases CO poisoning can cause permanent brain and heart damage.”
As of July 1, 2011, carbon monoxide alarms in single family dwellings are required. Minimally, you should have CO alarms outside each sleeping area and on each level of your home including the basement. It also is a good idea to put a CO alarm in each sleeping area (bedroom). If they are plug-ins, test them once a month and if they have a battery backup, change that battery annually. Don’t forget to vacuum the alarms often to keep them in proper working order.
“If your CO alarm sounds, get everyone out of the house and call 911,” Kaslin said. “If you cannot physically leave the house, move to an open doorway or open a window and stay there. Call 911. Do not close the window or door. Never reenter the structure until the fire department has said it is OK; that is our job and we are more than happy to do it.”
For more information visit the Center for Disease Controls website at cdc.gov/co/.